Following fashion trends is not prohibited when it comes to clothing, accessories, interior styles, makeup and hairstyles. But when it comes to your health and nutrition, trendy detox programs, popular diets and tips from healthy lifestyle bloggers can cause irreparable harm to your health.

Any drastic change in the diet, including an unjustified refusal from certain foods or enzymes, can affect your general well-being and the functioning of the digestive tract, intestines, and even the condition of the skin. Together with nutritionist Anna Ivashkevich, we figure out why it is customary to give up lactose and gluten, and how this decision can harm the body.

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This enzyme is composed of glucose and galactose, in other words, lactose is a sugar found in milk. People who are forced to give up lactose suffer from dairy intolerance and switch to plant-based milk. However, adherents of fashionable food systems often confuse two concepts – allergy to milk protein and intolerance to dairy products.

With allergies, not only urticaria, Quincke’s edema, but also anaphylactic shock can begin – the reaction to the product occurs instantly. In this case, you should refuse to use any dairy products containing milk protein. However, allergies can be peculiar, and in one person it will manifest itself after consuming any dairy product, and in another only after cow’s milk, there will be no reaction to other types of reactions.

If you have an intolerance, then after a glass of milk bloating, heaviness in the abdomen, gas and diarrhea may appear. The reaction may not begin immediately, but after a certain time, sometimes after a day. Symptoms include headache, drowsiness, weakness in the body. In this case, it is worth replacing cow’s milk with lactose-free or, for example, kefir.

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Genetic tests or special allergy tests with subsequent consultation with an allergist, gastroenterologist or allergist-immunologist will help to identify whether you are allergic or intolerant to certain foods.

It is not worth removing dairy products from your diet just because of your personal concerns – if you are very worried, then you should go and get tested. Dairy products can do more harm than good, however, in most cases, this is not the case. Milk contains calcium, which is necessary for us, namely bioavailable. It is absorbed in the intestines in the presence of vitamin D. But when either calcium or vitamin D is absent, the risk of osteoporosis increases – if, without prescriptions or doctor’s recommendations, you yourself removed lactose from your diet, then there may be a lack of calcium in the body. As a result, hair and nails are brittle, and bones are at greater risk of fractures.

Of course, you can replace the missing calcium from other foods, such as nuts or green vegetables. But it is worth remembering that 100 grams of hard cheese, for example, contains 750 to 1300 mg of calcium – in order to get the same amount of calcium from other foods, you will need to eat either 1 kilogram of broccoli or 15 kilograms of spinach, which will do very problematic.

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Your diet should be balanced and contain all the necessary trace elements, vitamins and nutrients. Self-change in your usual diet can be detrimental to your body, and therefore you should definitely consult with a specialist if you want to remove certain foods from your diet.

A study found that about 19% of people believe they have a gluten intolerance. Medical checks and consultations showed that only 10% of those surveyed actually have a food allergy to gluten. 

Here are some of the most popular gluten myths:

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A gluten-free diet can help you lose weight

Logical chain: gluten is found in bread, pasta, baked goods, therefore, if you refuse these products, the diet will be “healthy” and the weight will decrease. But, unfortunately, things are not so simple. By removing pasta and whole grain bread from your diet without a doctor’s recommendation, you can deprive your body of essential nutrients, namely: folic acid, iron, calcium, potassium

It is better to remove fast food, quick breakfasts, cereals, instant cereals, foods with trans fats, added sugar from the diet – this step will really help to make your diet balanced and healthy and will contribute to weight loss.

The body is unable to digest gluten

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“The cavemen didn’t eat brioche buns and croissants in the morning” – it is difficult to disagree with this, but this does not mean that our body is not able to digest complex proteins. About 14 thousand years ago, people did not eat baked goods, but bread was present in their diet, and it is known to contain gluten. At the same time, our ancestors did not refuse this product – on the contrary, they found it very useful and nutritious.
Avoiding gluten improves digestion
If you are predisposed to celiac disease or, in other words, suffer from celiac disease, then giving up gluten will be beneficial. If you are a healthy person without any illnesses, then giving up gluten will not affect your general health or digestion in any way, moreover, this step, as mentioned earlier, can lead to not very pleasant consequences.
Gluten Free Diet Energizes
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So far, there is not a single study that would confirm this fact. However, there are a number of studies that confirm that a balanced diet, including the presence of gluten, improves your health and reduces the risk of developing age-related diseases.